What are the most common tests done in a Clinical Laboratory?

August 29, 2022by Kalstein

Nowadays, with the technological advances of medicine, health care requires the exchange of different disciplines and specialties, where the laboratory is an important instrument to prevent, monitor and cure a disease.

Therefore, laboratory tests are the main method for diagnosis, used in conjunction with the clinical history and physical examination, providing valuable research on the condition of the patient.

Most common laboratory tests

Basic tests in a laboratory are performed to detect the functions of the organs of people, which are described as indicators or profiles, depending on the organ to be studied, among them are, kidney profile, liver profile, lipid profile, thyroid profile, etc.

On the other hand, to establish patterns of anomalies, are found electrophoresis of hemoglobin or protein, tumor markers, hormones, fertility, drugs, etc. And for the chemical states of the patient, studies of blood, feces or body fluids are performed.

In this sense, to monitor patients, or study the basic test profiles such as:

  • Complete blood count.
  • Urinalysis complete.
  • Feces parasitic, occult blood
  • Renal profile: Urea nitrogen, Creatinine, Uric acid, Total protein, albumin/globulin, calcium, glucose
  • Lipid profile: Cholesterol, LDL; HDL; triglyceride
  • Liver profile: Bilirubin, total and direct, AST, LDH
  • Triode profile: TSH, T3, T4
  • Basic metabolic panel: electrolytes, glucose, urea nitrogen, creatinine.

Laboratory Equipment for Testing

Electrolyte analyzers are teams in charge of studying in patients the amount of serum electrolytes, and through their descriptive quality control mechanisms of data in memory, shows the levels of sodium, potassium and chlorine present in the sample of whole blood, serum or plasma.

In this sense, clinical laboratory electrolyte analyzers are also used in bedside studies, to perform and report results, as they are part of the minerals with electrical charge, which help control the amount of fluid and acid-base balance in the body. They also help control muscle and nerve activity, heart rhythm, and other important functions.

Electrolyte Analysis in a Clinical Laboratory

The ionogram is part of a routine blood test or a complete metabolic profile. It is also used to check for fluid imbalance or acid-base level in the body. These are usually calculated at the same time but are sometimes measured separately.

Most importantly, it is a blood test that measures the levels of the body’s main electrolytes, using sodium, which helps control the amount of fluid in the body. It also helps nerves and muscles work well. Chloride also provides the body’s fluid supply and maintains a healthy blood volume and blood pressure.

On the other hand, potassium, benefits the heart and muscles to function well and finally, bicarbonate, maintains the acid-base balance of the body, enforcing the important function, in the circulation of carbon dioxide through the bloodstream.

In this sense, levels that are outside the normal range of any of these may be a sign of a serious health problem, such as kidney disease, high blood pressure, or a life-threatening irregular heart rhythm.

Kalstein Electrolyte Analysers

At Kalstein, we are able to meet the demands of our users in the selection of laboratory equipment. We offer you, the Electrolyte Analyzers, belonging to the YR series, which have attractive features, such as: Easy SI/NO operation, high precision electrode and TCO and long sensor life, suspension mode to reduce reagent consumption, fast test speed of 80 tests per hour. Also, the minimum sample volume is 60ul, individual reagent to avoid residues. Option: Sample tray, each machine can be provided a set of reagent for free. It shows serum, plasma, whole blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and dilute urine. Net weight 8Kg. Internal thermal printer. Selective ion electrode (ISE) analysis method.

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